Fat is one source of macro nutrition. During this time many opinions stated fat as a trigger for raising cholesterol levels in the blood. This can cause coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, etc. Not all fats are triggers for high cholesterol. The fat to watch out for is trans fat . Trans fat is liquid fat which is converted into solid by the hydrogenation process.
Cholesterol is a substance formed by the liver. Cholesterol is needed by the body to produce hormones, vitamin D and other important products. Cholesterol will move through the bloodstream in a small form by binding to the protein, so it is called lipoprotein. There are 2 types of lipoprotein, namely low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and high-density lipoproteins (HDL). LDL cholesterol is known as bad cholesterol because if this cholesterol level is high it can cause fat buildup in blood vessels. Finally, various health problems arise, such as heart attacks, strokes to heart failure.
Meanwhile, HDL cholesterol is usually considered good cholesterol because it carries fat from parts of the body back to the liver. So this good cholesterol will “clean” all the fats that are usually left in the blood vessels and organs so that it can then be processed by the liver.
Besides HDL and LDL cholesterol, there are also called triglycerides, which play a role in fat storage and are influential in the formation of cholesterol-rich lipoproteins. This cholesterol-rich lipoprotein causes high cholesterol and increases blood clot formation.
Normal Cholesterol in the Body After you know what LDL and HDL cholesterol is in growth, another important thing that must also be considered is the level of LDL cholesterol and HDL. Checking cholesterol levels is one step to prevent chronic diseases, such as stroke and heart disease.
Cholesterol levels in the blood are at least measured once every five years for everyone over the age of 20 years. Lipid profile tests can show the amount of total cholesterol in the body, the amount of LDL, the amount of HDL, and the number of triglycerides.
The limits for each type of test are:
• Good HDL levels in the body are 40 mg/dl or more and can be said to be low if levels are less than 40 mg/dl.
• Good LDL levels in the blood are less than 100 mg/dl and will endanger your health if the levels reach 160 mg/dl or more.
• Good triglyceride levels in the blood are less than 150 mg/dl and are included in the high category if levels reach 200 mg/dl or more.
• Good total cholesterol levels in the blood are less than 200 mg/dl, including in the high category if the levels reach 240 mg/dl or more. Basically, high cholesterol is influenced by certain factors, such as genetics and one’s weight. In addition, physical activity is less active and likes to eat foods that contain trans fat. Many people do not know that they experience this condition, especially if they have never had a checkup. Usually, someone just realizes that he has high cholesterol along with the diagnosis of other diseases, such as coronary heart disease or stroke.